Global change

Global change refers to nothing. The system consists of the land, oceans, atmosphere, polar regions, life, the planet’s natural cycles and deep Earth processes. These constituent parts influence one another. The Earth system now includes human society, so global change also refers to large-scale changes in society.

More completely, the term “global change” encompasses: population, climate, the economy, resource use, energy development, transport, communication, land use and land cover, urbanization, globalization, atmospheric circulation, ocean circulation, the carbon cycle, the nitrogen cycle, the water cycle and other cycles, sea ice loss, sea-level rise, food webs, biological diversity, pollution, health, over fishing, and more.

History of global-change research

In 1980, a group of scientists led by Swedish meteorologist Bert Bolin set up an international programme, the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP), to determine whether the climate was changing, whether climate could be predicted and whether humans were in some way responsible for the change. The programme was sponsored by the World Meteorological Organization and the International Council for Science (ICSU). As time went on, there was a growing realisation that climate change was one part of a larger phenomenon, global change. In 1987, a team of researchers, led again by Bert Bolin, James McCarthy, Paul Crutzen, H. Oeschger and others, successfully argued for an international research programme to investigate global change. This programme, sponsored by ICSU, is the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP). The programme has eight projects investigating different parts of the Earth system and links between them.

Latest News for: Global change biology

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Weather radar, machine learning used to study how bird roosting habits are changing with climate

Phys Dot Org 27 Jan 2023
The study led by Deng and published in Global Change Biology found the timing of peak roosting activity is now 4.5 days earlier than it was two decades ago, but the timing of roosting stages earlier in the season was largely unaffected ... Change Biology (2022) ... Global Change Biology....
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Editor’s Notebook: Postcards and dispatches as the clock ticks

Victoria Advocate 27 Jan 2023
According to the Science and Security Board of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, the clock has never been so close to “global catastrophe.” Climate change, biological threats, and disruptive technologies (“from disinformation to drones”) have all played a role in moving the ......
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Rapid plant evolution may make coastal regions more susceptible to flooding and sea level rise, ...

Phys Dot Org 27 Jan 2023
McLachlan was astounded by the speed with which evolutionary change occurred in Schoenoplectus americanus ... "Now that we've shown that evolutionary change can be fast enough and large enough to affect ecosystem resilience, we hope other researchers will consider this component of biological response to global environmental change."....
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‘A moonshot story’: Q&A with CEO Astro Teller

Stanford Daily 25 Jan 2023
In the last section, “Visions for the future,” Teller said the main areas of innovation that will grow in the future, changing the ways in which we live and work, are chatGPT, elevation models and synthetic biology. He said the biggest global issues include education and climate change....
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Doomsday Clock now at closest point to midnight in history

Fox31 Denver 24 Jan 2023
... challenges, such as the threat of nuclear weapon use, but has grown to include the dangers of climate change and biological risks such as the COVID-19 pandemic ... Russia’s war in Ukraine has also worsened other global challenges, such as climate change and biological risk....
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Russia’s war in Ukraine pushes Doomsday clock to closest point to midnight in history

The Hill 24 Jan 2023
Russia’s war in Ukraine has significantly raised the risk of global self-annihilation, the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists warned Tuesday, moving forward the Doomsday clock to its closest point to midnight ever ... Russia’s war in Ukraine has also worsened other global challenges, such as climate change and biological risk....
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Study identifies priority forests in Oregon for max conservation benefit

Mongabay 24 Jan 2023
A recent study published in Frontiers in Forests and Global Change is the first to determine which ... Law, the study’s lead author and professor emeritus of global change biology and terrestrial systems science in the College of Forestry at Oregon State University, told Mongabay....
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Global Organic Food Market Expected to Reach $294 Billion in 2023 as Consumer Demand Jumps

Longview News-Journal 24 Jan 2023
... evolving farming practices and help them meet changing market expectations ... "Biologicals provide farmers with sustainably-advantaged tools that complement crop protection technologies, and collectively, can work to address global challenges around food security and climate change....
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Study reveals influence of krill availability on humpback whale pregnancies

Phys Dot Org 23 Jan 2023
The study, published January 15 in Global Change Biology, is based on eight years of data on humpback whale pregnancies (2013 to 2020) in waters along the Western Antarctic Peninsula, where krill fishing is concentrated ... whales, Global Change Biology (2023) ... Global Change Biology....
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Elephants Have Climate Fighting Superpowers, But We're Letting Them Disappear

IFL Science 23 Jan 2023
We can now add the robust conclusion that if we lose forest elephants, we will be doing a global disservice to climate change mitigation,” said senior author of a new paper and Assistant professor of biology at Saint Louis University, Dr Stephen Blake, in a statement....
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Summer heat waves and low oxygen prove deadly for bay scallops as a New York ...

Phys Dot Org 19 Jan 2023
A new study by Stony Brook University researchers published in Global Change Biology demonstrates that warming waters and heat waves have contributed to the loss of an economically and culturally important fishery, the production of bay scallops ... Global Change Biology....
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Our future climate depends partly on soil microbes—but how are they affected by climate change?

Phys Dot Org 17 Jan 2023
"One of the major outcomes of our study," says Kristen DeAngelis, professor of microbiology at the University of Massachusetts Amherst and senior author of the study, recently published in the journal Global Change Biology, "is that all those autumn leaves mitigate the negative effects of global warming on soil microbes." ... Global Change Biology....
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Survey spots creatures not seen before near Lanyu

Taipei Times 13 Jan 2023
Staff writer, with CNA ... The OCA said it commissioned National Chung Hsing University’s (NCHU) Research Center for Global Change Biology, National Chiayi University’s Department of Biological Resources and the National Museum of Natural Science to conduct a survey of seabed-. residing invertebrates ... ....

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